Robert Capa (Budapest, 22nd October 1913 - Thai Binh, Indochina, 25th May 1954) is the nom de plume for Endre Friedmann, which he devised in 1936 together with his partner Gerda Taro. He was still young when, after taking part in protests against the far-right government, he left his homeland and moved to Germany. Capa's original ambition was to become a writer, but his job in a photography studio in Berlin brought him closer to photography. Here he collaborated with the photojournalist agency Dephot under the influence of Simon Guttmann. He got his first assignment to attend a conference by Trotskji in Copenhagen in 1932. Following the rise of Nazism in 1933, Capa, who was Jewish, went to France, where he also had difficulties working as a freelance photographer. From 1936 to 1939, he was in Spain, where he documented the horrors of the civil war, together with his young partner Gerda Taro. Helena Janeczek’s novel "The Girl with the Leica" which won the 2018 Strega Prize is dedicated to her. Partly for challenge, partly out of opportunity, the two of them ‘fabricated’ the character "Robert Capa", a renowned but elusive American photographer who went to Paris to work in Europe. With this expedient, the couple multiplied their work assignments. Actually, at the beginning, the "Capa-Taro" brand was equally used by both photographers. Later on, the two split the 'company name' - CAPA - and Endre Friedman definitively adopted the pseudonym Robert Capa for himself. Gerda would die crushed under the tracks of a tank when she was only 27 years old.
Capa then went to China during the resistance war against the Japanese invasion in 1938. After a few months in London, in 1943 he was sent to North Africa. He then followed the landing of the Allied troops in Sicily. The exhibition shows a wide selection of photos taken on the island and while progressing with the American troops up to Naples and Cassino.
Capa then followed the Normandy landing during the famous D-Day, which he extraordinarily documented. The exhibition then shows pictures of the liberation of Paris in 1944, the invasion of Germany in 1945, his trip to the Soviet Union in 1947, the official establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, and finally his last appointment in Indochina in 1954, the year when he died after stepping on a landmine.